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Although Africa’s largest country, the fourteen year old civil war has hampered mineral exploration and development. However, the government has begun privatizing several of its assets. Sudan has gold, iron ore and base metals potential. Aside from oil, gold is the most valuable mineral export.

The Ariab Mining Company (AMC) operates the 90 000 oz/year Hassai gold mine, located 500km northeast of Khartoum. French uranium and gold producer, Cogema have a 40% interest in AMC. AMC also exploits the Hadal Auatib, Baderuk and Adassedakh deposits in the Red Sea Hills. A resource of 1 Moz is estimated to remain. AMC produces an estimated 5.5 t of gold each year.

The state owned Sudanese Mining Company (SMC) operates an underground chromite mine in the Ingessana Hills. Production over the past five years has been estimated at 10,000 tons per year, with reserves at 1 Million tons. Small amounts of manganese and mica are also mined. The country has underdeveloped copper and iron ore deposits. Billiton has apparently signed an agreement to explore in the Hofrat and Nahas areas in western central Sudan. A copper deposit containing a resource of 8.5 Mt of ore grading at 4% copper is known to exist. Iron ore deposits are known to exist at Fodikwan and Sofaya.

Mineral Law & Legislation

The Ministry of Energy and Mining is a government ministry, responsible for regulating the mining industry in Sudan.

Major Players in the Industry

  • Ariab Mining Company (AMC)
  • Cogema
  • Sudanese Mining Company (SMC)
  • Billiton

Key Figures

  • Gold production: 3,158 kilograms (2006)
  • Chromite production: 22,000 metric tons (2006)
  • Silver production: 3 metric tons (2006)
  • Hydraulic Cement Production: 310 thousand metric tons (2005)

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