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The company responsible for electricity generation and supply in Somalia is Ente Nazionale Energia Elettrica, known as ENEE.

Somalia currently has installed electricity generating capacity of 80 megawatts (MW), all of which is diesel-fired and is predominantly located around the capital Mogadishu. Civil war has caused electrical infrastructure to be damaged or destroyed, and the ongoing strife has hindered the development of new electric resources, curtailing power supply in the country.

Electricity is produced with generators owned by private businesses, purchased second-hand from neighboring Dubai. The entrepreneurs frequently combine this business with either telecoms provision or importation of fuel, because of the intermediaries involved. By dividing Somalia's cities into specific quarters the private sector has found a manageable method to supply the cities with electricity. A customer is given a menu of choices for electricity tailored to its needs, such as evenings only, daytime only or 24 hours. Electricity is provided even in smaller towns that lacked electricity before 1991. Gaalkacyo, a desert town in central Somalia, was provided with streetlights by local entrepreneur Abdirizak Osman, who expanded his enterprises from telecommunications to power generators, not only lighting the town but also supplying free electricity to the local hospital.

The Ethopian power company, Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCO) has notably provided power to twelve Somali towns recently, ten in the state of Afar and nine in the states of Benishangul Gumuz.

Ente Nazionale Energia Elettrica (ENEE) is the entity responsible for generation, transmission and distribution of electricity in Somalia. A planned hydroelectric facility on the Juba River has been delayed due to the continued fighting. Studies have indicated that the Horn of Africa, especially Somalia, is a prime location for harnessing wind for electricity generation.

In mid-2010, Somalia's business community also pledged to invest US$1 billion in the national gas and electricity industries over the following five years. Abdullahi Hussein, the director of the just-formed Trans-National Industrial Electricity and Gas Company, predicted that the investment strategy would create 100,000 jobs, with the net effect of stimulating the local economy and discouraging unemployed youngsters from turning to vice. The new firm was established through the merger of five Somali companies from the trade, finance, security and telecommunications sectors. The first phase of the project is scheduled to start within six months of the establishment of the company, and will train youth to supply electricity to economic areas and communities. The second phase, which is slated to begin in mid-to-late 2011, will see the construction of factories in specially designated economic zones for the fishing, agriculture, livestock and mining industries.

Somalia Electricity Utilities

  • Ente Nazionale Energia Elettrica (ENEE): is responsible for the electricity supply in Somalia and is involved in the generation, transmission and distribution of electrical power throughout the country.

Key Figures

  • Electricity produced: 280 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity consumed: 260.4 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity Exported: 0 KWh (2008)
  • Electricity Imported: 0 KWh (2008)

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