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Nigeria exports electricity to neighboring Niger via a 132 kV interconnection constructed in 1976. It has about 5,900 MW of installed electric generating capacity, consisting of three hydro-based stations and five thermal power plants. The country has an abundance of petroleum-based energy resources and in fact is the sixth largest supplier of oil to the U.S. Unfortunately, very little revenue from the sale of this resource filters down to help the rural population. Nigeria faces a serious energy crisis due to declining electricity generation from the power plants. Power outages are frequent and the power sector operates well below its capacity. Rural areas lack the modern energy sources needed for improvements in health, education, transportation and commercial development. Only 10% of rural households and about 40% of Nigeria's population have access to electricity. The country's electrical power demand is high but actual generation is considerably below demand. Nigeria is looking towards further development of the country’s hydropower resources to curtail the crisis. The National Electric Power Authority (NEPA), which is the organization responsible for electricity production and supply in Nigeria, plans to boost this share to 85% by 2010. It has been estimated that this development would require 16 new power plants, approximately 15 000 km of transmission lines, as well as distribution facilities.

The failure of non-renewable energy sources (crude oil, natural gas and fuel wood) has led to agitations for an alternative source of power in the country. The Nigerian Energy Commission and the Solar Energy Society of Nigeria have been tasked with generating a solar-powered solution for the remote rural dwellers not served by the national power grid. Nigeria electric power companies are also trying to produce and supply solar power to remote rural locations.

Nigeria Electricity Utilities

The most important power generation companies in Nigeria include:

  • National Electric Power Authority: the Nigerian Governmental company involved in generation, transmission and distribution of electrical power in Nigeria. The thermal power generating station of NEPA is located in Egbin; the hydroelectric power generating stations are located in Jebba, Kainji and Shiroro. The gas turbine power stations of NEPA are located in Afam, Delta and Sapele.
  • Brown Boveri (Nigeria) Limited: multi-national giant is involved in setting up of gas and thermal electrical power generating stations.
  • Oando Power: responsible for power distribution for the industrial sector
  • Trans-Africa Gas and Electricity: Nigerian power company involved in electric power distribution in Nigeria.
  • Takoradi Power Company Limited: power company engaged in electrical power distribution.
  • Mabon Limited: generated hydro-electric power. It owns the Dadin Kowa electric project.

Plans & Projects

The Shell Petroleum Development Company, SPDC, operated Joint Venture has implemented electricity projects in 133 communities in the Niger Delta, helping them to drive economic activities through reliable power supply. The projects were implemented between 2004 and 2010, in the states where the company operates - Rivers, Bayelsa, Abia, Delta and Edo. SPDC Joint Venture has also played a leading role in electricity supply at the national level. A key project in this direction has been the Afam V1 plant, Afam V1's three gas turbines have since jointly supplied over 2.5 million megawatt hours of electricity to the national grid. The plant, when fully operational, will boost Nigeria's electricity supply capacity by 20 per cent.

Key Figures

  • Electricity produced: 21.92 billion KWh (2007)
  • Electricity consumed: 19.21 billion KWh (2007)
  • Electricity Exported: 0 KWh (2008)
  • Electricity Imported: 0 KWh (2008)

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