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Niger
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Niger depends on petroleum imports for most of its production of electrical energy. Most of Niger's electrical power is imported from Nigeria, whereby, Société Nigerienne d’Electricité (NIGELEC), the electricity production and supply company in Niger, purchases around 90% of its energy needs from the National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) in Nigeria via a 132 kV interconnection that was constructed in 1976 and covers 260 km. The country also receives hydroelectric power from Nigeria and solar installations supply some rural areas.

In addition to importing power from Nigeria, NIGELEC also purchases power from Société Nigerienne du Charbon d’Anou Araren (SONICHAR). The parastatal in Tchirozerine (north of Agadez) extracts coal from an open pit and fuels an existing power plant which supplies energy to the uranium mines in the country.

All installed capacity is currently thermally fired but Niger has around 230 MW of economic hydro power potential that it could develop. The company divides operations into the Zone Interconnectée, Zone Nord and Centres Isolés areas. Niger has two thermal power stations. One station, at Arlit, runs on locally mined coal and supplies the uranium mine as well as Agadez.

In 2007 the government of Niger had decided against the privatization of the country's state electricity and fuel distribution utilities based on a World Bank agreement that rendered privatisation reforms unnecessary.

Since 2000 Niger has been part of the West African Power Pool Agreement (WAPP) which has set out to interconnect the electrical power grids of West African countries that are part of the agreement. Niger, along with Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana and Togo have been involved in the first phase of the agreement.

Niger Electricity Utilities

Société Nigerienne d’Electricité (NIGELEC) is the organization that is responsible for electricity production and supply in Niger.

Plans & Projects

Niger has been seeking international and multilateral donors to aid the construction of the Kandadji hydroelectric project. Kandadji, first proposed in the mid-1970's, would be located on the Niger River approximately 120 miles (200 km) upstream of Niamey. The facility would have the generating capacity of 165MW, instead of the originally proposed 230MW power capacity. The Kandadji project has currently been underway since 2004 and construction is planned to be completed by 2012. Smaller dams found on the Niger River at Gambou (122 MW) and Dyodyonga (26 MW) have also been considered for hydropower generation.

Key Figures

  • Electricity produced: 150 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity consumed: 589.5 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity Exported:0 KWh (2008)
  • Electricity Imported: 450 KWh (2008)

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