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Electricity is provided by the parastatal utility, Eritrean Electricity Authority. The latter is the primary power authority in Eritrea and it handles generation, transmission and distribution of electricity. It works under the Ministry of Energy, Mining and Water.

Electricity is only available in Eritrea's larger cities and towns, leaving about 80% of the Eritrean population without access to electricity. Some smaller villages have community diesel generators which can provide small amounts of electricity to households. Photovoltaic (PV) electricity generation is being used in special applications throughout the country. Twenty-six rural health centers are each supplied with 2-kilowatt (kW) solar photovoltaic power systems for refrigeration, lighting, operating theaters, fans, and laboratory equipment. Additionally, the majority of the 140 rural clinics are equipped with solar powered vaccine refrigerators. Approximately 3% (about 60 villages) of Eritrea's villages have been supplied with PV systems (0.8 to 1.2kW) to power water pumps to supply drinking water. Each system serves a minimum of 300 households. Over 70 rural schools (out of 700) have been provided with PV systems for lighting and power.

Households consume more than 80% of total energy production. Electricity production in 2001 was estimated at 220.5 million kilowatt-hours. Consumption for that year was estimated at 205.1-kilowatt hours. An 88-megawatt electricity plant funded by Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Abu Dhabi was completed just south of Massawa in 2003, its completion delayed nearly three years by the war with Ethiopia. Annual consumption of petroleum in 2001 was estimated at 370,000 tons. Eritrea has no domestic petroleum production; the Eritrean Petroleum Corporation conducts purchases through international competitive tender. The Eritrean government has expressed interest in developing alternative energy sources, including geothermal, solar, and wind power.

Eritrea Electricity Utilities

Eritrea Electricity Authority (EEA): is responsible for the electricity supply in Eritrea and is involved in the generation, transmission and distribution of electrical power throughout the country.

Key Figures

  • Electricity produced: 271 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity consumed: 228 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity Exported: 0 KWh (2008)
  • Electricity Imported: 0 KWh (2008)

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