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Equatorial Guinea
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Electricity

Equatorial Guinea's electricity sector is owned and operated by the state-run monopoly, SEGESA. The government would like to privatize SEGESA, as a joint venture with a foreign utility, but investors have shown little interest. SEGESA's power supply is unreliable due to aging equipment and poor management, and consumers often experience prolonged blackouts. As a result, small gasoline and diesel-powered generators are used as backup power sources. SEGESA operates the country's two small electricity transmission networks, which comprise approximately 80 miles of high tension wire. The network on the mainland serves the suburban area of Bata. The second, older distribution system on Bioko connects Malabo to the port of Luba. The government has plans to expand this grid by 2010.

Electricity is available in Equatorial Guinea's larger towns thanks to three small overworked hydropower facilities and a number of aged generators. In 1999, national production was about 13 MWh. In Malabo, the American company, CMS-Nomeco, built a 10 megawatt electricity plant financed by the government, which came in line in mid-2000, and plans to double capacity are advancing. This plant provides improved service to the capital, although there are still occasional outages. On the mainland the largest city, Bata, still has regular blackouts.

Estimates of Equatorial Guinea's electricity generating capacity vary, with 15.4 megawatts (MW) of certain installed capacity, and 5-30 MW of estimated additional capacity. 20% of the installed capacity was hydroelectric and 80% conventional thermal.

Results of a DOE questionnaire, official interviews and local site visits in 2004 have indicated that the actual installed generating capacity may be seven times larger than what is currently reported, or approximately 131 MW. About 5.0 MW are located on the mainland, including 4 MW of oil-fired thermal capacity and 1 MW of hydroelectric capacity. On both Bioko Island and the mainland, electricity is generated by a combination of thermal and hydroelectric plants. Although largely undeveloped, Equatorial Guinea is estimated to have 11,000 MW of hydropower potential, of which 50% is deemed economically recoverable.

The expansion of natural gas production at the Alba field in recent years has provided a convenient fuel source for new power generation in the country. The 10.4-MW, natural gas-fired Punta Europa plant began operation in 1999, supplying gas-fired electricity to Bioko Island. After upgrades in 2000, the potential total capacity of Punta Europa rose to 28 MW, yet output remains constrained by the original thermal capacity of the outgoing transmission line. An additional 4-6 MW of generation capacity is currently under construction at the AMPCO complex on the island.

Equatorial Guinea Electricity Utilities

Sociedead de Electricidad de Guinea Ecuatorial (SEGESA) is the parastatal utility responsible for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity throughout Equatorial Guinea.

Government Plans & Projects

  • Construction of a turbo plant outside Malabo has improved Equatorial Guinea’s power situation. The project was funded by the Government to an amount of 9 billion CFA and was managed by US-based CMS-Nameco. The plant’s current capacity of 10.4 MW is thanks to a supply of natural gas from Punta Europa, and has the potential to double if further developments are required.
  • Another gas-fired power plant is under construction at the AMPCO complex on Bioko. The 4 - 6 MW project has the potential to increase Equatorial Guinea’s generating capacity significantly. The project is being run on a build-operate-transfer (BOT) system. Gas from the Alba field and future gas finds offshore of Bioko will power the plant.

Key Figures

  • Electricity Produced: 28 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity Consumed: 26.04 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity Exported: 0 KWh (2008)
  • Electricity Imported: 0 KWh (2008)

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