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The organization responsible for electricity generation and supply is Electricité du Djibouti, known as the EDB. The organization is state owned.

The country's energy and power sector is dominated by electrical power generation. Djibouti currently has installed electricity generating capacity of 85 megawatts (MW), all of which is thermal (oil-fired). In January 2001, U.S.-based Geothermal Development Associates (GDA) announced that it had completed a feasibility study on the development of a 30-MW geothermal power plant in Djibouti. The study, which commenced in August 2000, established the commercial viability of the proposed generating facility. The US$115 million plant, to be located in the Lake Assal region west of the capital, will be constructed on the build own operate (BOO) financing scheme. The Global Environmental Facility (GEF), a joint initiative of the World Bank and the United Nations (UN), has approved a $280,000 financing package to pay for contract negotiations required for the project. To date, however, these funds have not been released. At the same time, however, Electricite de Djibouti, the national electric company, has begun to remove aging diesel-fired generating units. To continue to provide power to rural residents, the government, with the help of a grant from a number of Arab financial institutions, is installing solar and wind capacity. The primary goal of the project is to replace old diesel powered rural water pumps with new ones powered by renewable resources, but excess energy will be used for electrification.

Ethiopia has made plans to begin exporting electrical power to Djibouti and Sudan by 2010.

Djibouti Electricity Utility

Electricité du Djibouti (EDB) has a monopoly of power generation, transmission and distribution in Djibouti.

Key Figures

  • Electricity Produced: 280 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity Consumed: 260.4 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity Exported: 0 KWh (2008)
  • Electricity Imported: 0 KWh (2008)

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