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Less than 2% of Chad ’s population has access to electricity, and most of the population relies on wood for fuel requirements .The supply of electricity is poor and effective transmission is limited to urban areas. The majority of Chadians with access to electricity reside in N’Djamena, where the country’s only major power station (22 MW) is located. Only 9% of households in N’Djamena have electricity.

All of Chad's power plants are thermal. The two at N'Djamena provide most of the national output. Production of electricity rose from about 31 GWh in 1968 to 92 GWh in 2000, and 101 GWh in 2002, all generated by fossil fuels. In 2002, consumption of electricity in Chad totalled 94 GWh. Installed capacity in 2002 was 29 MW.

The high cost of importing petroleum to fuel power generation makes Chad ’s electricity prices among the highest in the world. World Bank loans to develop the electricity sector have focused on increases in sustainable energy ($5.3 million) and improvements in equipment renovation ($55 million).

Attempts to utilize oil from the Sedigi field in electricity generation have been unsuccessful, as the Concorp International-constructed pipeline between Sedigi and N’Djamena is unusable. Both Libya and France have provided generators to increase Chadian electricity supply in the short-term, and Libya has offered to export electricity to the country. In February 2004, the French Development Agency (AFD) agreed to a €4 million to improve the Chadian energy sector.

Chad Electricity Utilities

Societe Tchadienne D'eau et D'electricite (STEE) is the organization responsible for electricity generation and supply in Chad. It works under the supervision of the Ministry of Mines, Energy and Petroleum in Chad. France ’s Veolia, who manages STEE, is expected to purchase a majority share when the company is privatized in accordance with World Bank reforms.

Cameroon Electricity Utilities

Key Figures

  • Electricity produced: 100 million KWh
  • Electricity consumed: 93 million KWh (2007)
  • Electricity Exported: 0 KWh (2008)
  • Electricity Imported: 0 KWh (2008)

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