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The small land-locked East African country of Burundi has no known oil, gas or coal resources. The Burundi oil industry is one of the key elements in the economy; accounting for around 15% of its imports, draining 20-30% of its foreign exchange earnings. The country imports all of its petroleum products in their refined form from Mombasa, Kenya to Bujumbura situated on Lake Tanganyika, or from Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania to Bujumbura via Kigoma. As imported petroleum products are supplied via the neighboring countries, their supply is costly and often irregular.

In the past joint exploration with Democratic Republic of Congo has been undertaken around the Lake Tanganyika area with inconclusive results. There is thus no upstream oil industry.

Traditional fuels such as firewood, charcoal and agricultural residues are mainly used for cooking and household needs and account for around 90% of the country's total energy requirements.

Petroleum Law & Legislation

The petroleum sector is under the control of the Ministry of Industry and Trade which supervises oil imports.

Key Figures

  • Oil production: 0 bbl/day(2008)
  • Oil Consumption: 3,000 bbl/day(2008)
  • Oil Exports: 0 bbl/day(2007)
  • Oil Imports: 2,495 bbl/day(2007)
  • Oil Proved Reserves: 0 bbl (2009)
  • Natural Gas Production: 0 cu m(2008)
  • Natural Gas Consumption: 0 cu m (2008)
  • Natural Gas Exports: 0 cu m (2008)
  • Natural Gas Imports: 0 cu m (2008)
  • Natural Gas Proved reserves: 0 cu m(2009)

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